Latin letter A a

CharacterDescriptionHTML entityUnicodeMac shortcutWindows shortcut
ÀA with grave accentÀÀ´ and AAlt 0192
ÁA with acuteÁÁ´ and AAlt 0193
ÄA with diaeresis (umlaut)ÄÄU and AAlt 0196
ÂA with circumflexÂÂ^ and AAlt 0194
ÃA with tildeÃÃN and AAlt 0195A
ÅA with ring aboveÅÅAAlt 0197
ÆAE ligatureÆÆÄAlt 0198
äa with diaeresis (umlaut)ääU and AAlt 0228
àa with grave accentàà´ and AAlt 0224
áa with acuteáá´ and AAlt 0225
âa with circumflexââ^ and AAlt 0226
ãa with tildeããN and AAlt 0227
åa with ring aboveååAAlt 0229
æae ligatureææÄAlt 0230

Latin letter C c

CharacterDescriptionHTML entityUnicodeMac shortcutWindows shortcut
ÇC-cedillaÇÇCAlt 0199
çc-cedillaççCAlt 0231

Latin letter D d

CharacterDescriptionHTML entityUnicodeMac shortcutWindows shortcut
Ðcapital Eth / D with strokeÐÐAlt 0208
ðsmall eth / d with strokeððDAlt 0240

Latin letter E e

CharacterDescriptionHTML entityUnicodeMac shortcutWindows shortcut
ËE with diaeresisËËU and EAlt 0203
ÈE with grave accentÈÈ´ and EAlt 0200
ÉE with acuteÉÉ´ and EAlt 0201
ÊE with circumflexÊÊ^ and EAlt 0202
ëe with diaeresisëëU and EAlt 0235
èe with grave accentèè´ and EAlt 0232
ée with acuteéé´ and EAlt 0233
êe with circumflexêê^ and EAlt 0234

Latin letter I i

CharacterDescriptionHTML entityUnicodeMac shortcutWindows shortcut
ÏI with diaeresisÏÏU and IAlt 0207
ÌI with grave accentÌÌ´ and IAlt 0204
ÍI with acuteÍÍ´ and IAlt 0205
ÎI with circumflexÎÎ^ and IAlt 0206
ïi with diaeresisïïU and IAlt 0239
ìi with grave accentìì´ and IAlt 0236
íi with acuteíí´ and IAlt 0237
îi with circumflexîî^ and IAlt 0238

Latin letter N n

CharacterDescriptionHTML entityUnicodeMac shortcutWindows shortcut
ÑN with tildeÑÑN and NAlt 0209N
ñn with tildeññN and NAlt 0241

Latin letter O o

CharacterDescriptionHTML entityUnicodeMac shortcutWindows shortcut
ÖO with diaeresis (umlaut)ÖÖU and OAlt 0214
ÒO with grave accentÒÒ´ and OAlt 0210
ÓO with acuteÓÓ´ and OAlt 0211
ÔO with circumflexÔÔ^ and OAlt 0212
ÕO with tildeÕÕN and OAlt 0213O
ØO-slash / O with strokeØØOAlt 0216
ŒOE ligatureŒŒÖAlt 0140
öo with diaeresis (umlaut)ööU and OAlt 0246
òo with grave accentòò´ and OAlt 0242
óo with acuteóó´ and OAlt 0243
ôo with circumflexôô^ and OAlt 0244
õo with tildeõõN and OAlt 0245
øo-slash / o with strokeøøOAlt 0248
œoe ligatureœœÖAlt 0156

Latin letter S s

CharacterDescriptionHTML entityUnicodeMac shortcutWindows shortcut
ŠS with caron (háček)ŠŠAlt 0138
ßsz ligature ("s sharp")ßßAlt 0223
šs with caron (háček)ššAlt 0154

Latin letter T t

CharacterDescriptionHTML entityUnicodeMac shortcutWindows shortcut
ÞThornÞÞAlt 0222
þthornþþAlt 0254

Latin letter U u

CharacterDescriptionHTML entityUnicodeMac shortcutWindows shortcut
ÜU with diaeresis (umlaut)ÜÜU and UAlt 0220
ÙU with grave accentÙÙ´ and UAlt 0217
ÚU with acuteÚÚ´ and UAlt 0218
ÛU with circumflexÛÛ^ and UAlt 0219
üu with diaeresis (umlaut)üüU and UAlt 0252
ùu with grave accentùù´ and UAlt 0249
úu with acuteúú´ and UAlt 0250
ûu with circumflexûû^ and UAlt 0251

Latin letter Y y

CharacterDescriptionHTML entityUnicodeMac shortcutWindows shortcut
ŸY with diaeresisŸŸU and YAlt 0159
ÝY with acuteÝÝ´ and YAlt 0221
ÿy with diaeresisÿÿU and YAlt 0255
ýy with acuteýý´ and YAlt 0253

Diacritical marks

CharacterDescriptionHTML entityUnicodeMac shortcutWindows shortcut
¨diaeresis ("diaresis")¨¨U and spaceAlt 0168
ˆcircumflexˆˆKAlt 0136
˜tilde˜˜8
´acute accent´´´ and spaceAlt 0180
¯macron¯¯0Alt 0175
overline / overscore‾‾
¸cedilla¸¸RAlt 0184

Greek alphabet: Capital letters

CharacterDescriptionHTML entityUnicodeMac shortcutWindows shortcut
ΑAlphaΑΑ
ΒBetaΒΒ
ΓGammaΓΓ
ΔDeltaΔΔK
ΕEpsilonΕΕ
ΖZetaΖΖ
ΗEtaΗΗ
ΘThetaΘΘ
ΙIotaΙΙ
ΚKappaΚΚ
ΛLambdaΛΛ
ΜMu ("My")ΜΜ
ΝNu ("Ny")ΝΝ
ΞXiΞΞ
ΟOmicronΟΟ
ΠPiΠΠP
ΡRhoΡΡ
ΣSigmaΣΣW
ΤTauΤΤ
Υ / ϒUpsilon ("Ypsilon") / (variant)Υ / ϒΥ / ϒ
ΦPhiΦΦ
ΧChiΧΧ
ΨPsiΨΨ
ΩOmegaΩΩZ

Greek alphabet: Small letters

CharacterDescriptionHTML entityUnicodeMac shortcutWindows shortcut
αalphaαα
βbetaββ
γgammaγγ
δdeltaδδ
εepsilonεε
ζzetaζζ
ηetaηη
θ / ϑtheta / (variant)θ / ϑθ / ϑ
ιiotaιι
κkappaκκ
λlambdaλλ
μmu ("my")μμ
νnu ("ny")νν
ξxiξξ
οomicronοο
π / ϖpi / (variant)π / ϖπ / ϖP
ρrhoρρ
σ / ςsigma / final sigma (variant)σ / ςσ / ς
τtauττ
υupsilon ("ypsilon")υυ
φphiφφ
χchiχχ
ψpsiψψ
ωomegaωω

Math: Brackets

CharacterDescriptionHTML entityUnicodeMac shortcutWindows shortcut
[left square bracket (opening)[5Alt 0091
]right square bracket (closing)]6Alt 0093
{Left curly bracket (opening){8Alt 0123
}right curly bracket (closing)}9Alt 0125
left angle bracket (opening)⟨⟨
right angle bracket (closing)⟩⟩

Math: Equivalence

CharacterDescriptionHTML entityUnicodeMac shortcutWindows shortcut
similar to∼∼
asymptotic to / almost equal to≈≈X
congruent≅≅
equivalent / identical to≡≡
not equal to≠≠0

Math: Algebra

CharacterDescriptionHTML entityUnicodeMac shortcutWindows shortcut
minus sign−−
±plus-minus sign±±+Alt 0177
radical sign ("square root")√√V
dot operator / interpunct⋅⋅9
×multiplication sign / times sign××Alt 0215
asterisk operator∗∗
÷division sign (obelus)÷÷.Alt 0241
¼fraction one quarter¼¼Alt 0188
½fraction one half½½Alt 0189
¾fraction three quarters¾¾Alt 1090
proportional to∝∝
infinity sign∞∞,
<less than&lt;&#x003C;Alt 0060
less than or equal to&le;&#x2264;<
>greater than&gt;&#x003E;Alt 0062
greater than or equal to&ge;&#x2265;<

Math: Analysis / Calculus

CharacterDescriptionHTML entityUnicodeMac shortcutWindows shortcut
ƒmathematical function ƒ(x)&fnof;&#x0192;FAlt 0131
integral&int;&#x222B;B
partial differential&part;&#x2202;D

Math: Geometry

CharacterDescriptionHTML entityUnicodeMac shortcutWindows shortcut
angle&ang;&#x2220;
perpendicular to / orthogonal to&perp;&#x22A5;
°degree sign&deg;&#x00B0;ÜAlt 0176
minutes&prime;&#x2032;
seconds&Prime;&#x2033;

Math: Vector analysis

CharacterDescriptionHTML entityUnicodeMac shortcutWindows shortcut
direct sum&oplus;&#x2295;
tensor product&otimes;&#x2297;
nabla / differential operator&nabla;&#x2207;
dot operator / scalar product&sdot;&#x22C5;9
×cross product&times;&#x00D7;Alt 0215

Logic

CharacterDescriptionHTML entityUnicodeMac shortcutWindows shortcut
and (logical conjunction)&and;&#x2227;
or (logical disjunction)&or;&#x2228;
¬not sign (negation)&not;&#x00AC;Alt 0172
exclusive disjunction ("either … or")&oplus;&#x2295;
therefore&there4;&#x2234;
element of&isin;&#x2208;
not an element of&notin;&#x2209;
contains as member&ni;&#x220B;
for all&forall;&#x2200;
exists&exist;&#x2203;
empty set / diameter&empty;&#x2205;
intersection / cap&cap;&#x2229;
union / cup&cup;&#x222A;
superset of&sup;&#x2283;
superset of or equal to&supe;&#x2287;
subset of&sub;&#x2282;
subset of or equal to&sube;&#x2286;
not a subset of&nsub;&#x2284;
material conditional (implication)&rarr;&#x2192;
if and only if (biconditional)&harr;&#x2194;
ΔDelta / difference&Delta;&#x0394;K

Mathematical letters

CharacterDescriptionHTML entityUnicodeMac shortcutWindows shortcut
µmicro sign (my)&micro;&#x00B5;MAlt 0181
black-letter R (real part of complex numbers)&real;&#x211C;
black-letter I (imaginary part of complex numbers)&image;&#x2111;
aleph (cardinality)&alefsym;&#x2135;
script capital P (Weierstrass p)&weierp;&#x2118;
summation operator&sum;&#x2211;W
product operator&prod;&#x220F;P

Currency symbols

CharacterDescriptionHTML entityUnicodeMac shortcutWindows shortcut
euro sign&euro;&#x20AC;EAlt 0128
¢cent sign&cent;&#x00A2;4Alt 0162
£pound sign&pound;&#x00A3;4Alt 0163
¥yen sign&yen;&#x00A5;YAlt 0165
ƒflorin sign ("guilder")&fnof;&#x0192;FAlt 0131
¤general currency sign&curren;&#x00A4;Alt 0164

Quotation marks

CharacterDescriptionHTML entityUnicodeMac shortcutWindows shortcut
'single quotation mark (apostrophe)&apos;&#x0027;#Alt 0039
"double quotation mark&quot;&#x0022;2Alt 0034
bottom single quote, "low 9" (German: opening)&sbquo;&#x201A;SAlt 0130
left single quote, "high 6" (German: closing / English: opening)&lsquo;&#x2018;#
right single quote, "high 9" (English: closing)&rsquo;&#x2019;#Alt 0146
bottom double quotes, "low 99" (German: opening)&bdquo;&#x201E;^Alt 0132
left double quotes, "high 66" (German: closing / English: opening)&ldquo;&#x201C;2Alt 0147
right double quotes, "high 99" (English: closing)&rdquo;&#x201D;2Alt 0148
left single angle quotes (French: opening guillemet)&lsaquo;&#x2039;BAlt 0139
right single angle quotes (French: closing guillemet)&rsaquo;&#x203A;NAlt 0155
«left angle quotes (French: opening guillemet)&laquo;&#x00AB;QAlt 0171
»right angle quotes (French: closing guillemet)&raquo;&#x00BB;QAlt 0187

Special chars & HTML

CharacterDescriptionHTML entityUnicodeMac shortcutWindows shortcut
&ampersand&amp;&#x0026;Alt 0038
@at sign&#x0040;LAlt 0064
per mille sign&permil;&#x2030;EAlt 0137
§section sign&sect;&#x00A7;Alt 0167
©copyright sign&copy;&#x00A9;GAlt 0169
®registered trademark sign&reg;&#x00AE;RAlt 0174
unregistered trademark sign&trade;&#x2122;DAlt 0153
<less than ("opening bracket")&lt;&#x003C;Alt 0060
>greater than ("closing bracket")&gt;&#x003E;Alt 0062
&ampersand&amp;&#x0026;Alt 0038
|pipe sign&#x007C;7Alt 0124
¦broken bar&brvbar;&#x00A6;Alt 0166
\backslash&#x005C;7Alt 0092

Punctuation marks

CharacterDescriptionHTML entityUnicodeMac shortcutWindows shortcut
non-breaking hyphen&#x2011;- (*)Strg - (*)
-soft hyphen (dis­cre­tion­ar­y hy­phen)&shy;&#x00AD;- (*)Strg -
en-dash ("UK-dash – use with spaces before and after")&ndash;&#x2013;-Alt 0150
em-dash ("US-dash—use without spaces")&mdash;&#x2014;-Alt 0151
ellipsis&hellip;&#x2026;.
¡inverted exclamation mark&iexcl;&#x00A1;1Alt 0161
¿inverted question mark&iquest;&#x00BF;?Alt 0191
pilcrow / paragraph mark&para;&#x00B6;3Alt 0182
·middle dot&middot;&#x00B7;9Alt 0183
bullet point&bull;&#x2022;ÜAlt 0149
left-to-right mark&lrm;&#x200E;
right-to-left mark&rlm;&#x200F;
* software-specific, not available everywhere

Space characters

CharacterDescriptionHTML entityUnicodeMac shortcutWindows shortcut
▕‍▏zero width joiner ("invisible non-breaking space")&zwj;&#x200D;
▕‌▏zero width non-joiner ("invisible space")&zwnj;&#x200C;
▕ ▏thin space (half-width space)&thinsp;&#x2009;
▕ ▏En space / En quad&ensp;&#x2002;
▕ ▏double or Em space / Em quad&emsp;&#x2003;
▕ ▏non-breaking space&nbsp;&#x00A0;spaceAlt 0160

Superscript

CharacterDescriptionHTML entityUnicodeMac shortcutWindows shortcut
prime / minutes / feet&prime;&#x2032;
double prime / seconds / inches &Prime;&#x2033;
°degree&deg;&#x00B0;ÜAlt 0176
¹superscript 1&sup1;&#x00B9;Alt 9185
²superscript 2 / squared&sup2;&#x00B2;Alt 0178
³superscript 3 / cubed&sup3;&#x00B3;Alt 0179
ªfeminine ordinal indicator&ordf;&#x00AA;HAlt 0170
ºmasculine ordinal indicator&ordm;&#x00BA;JAlt 0186

Arrows

CharacterDescriptionHTML entityUnicodeMac shortcutWindows shortcut
leftwards arrow&larr;&#x2190;
upwards arrow&uarr;&#x2191;
rightwards arrow&rarr;&#x2192;
downwards arrow&darr;&#x2193;
left right arrow&harr;&#x2194;
downwards arrow with left corner / carriage return&crarr;&#x21B5;
leftwards double arrow&lArr;&#x21D0;
upwards double arrow&uArr;&#x21D1;
rightwards double arrow&rArr;&#x21D2;
downwards double arrow&dArr;&#x21D3;
left right double arrow&hArr;&#x21D4;

Symbols, Dingbats

CharacterDescriptionHTML entityUnicodeMac shortcutWindows shortcut
spade suit&spades;&#x2660;
club suit&clubs;&#x2663;
heart suit&hearts;&#x2665;
diamond suit&diams;&#x2666;
dagger&dagger;&#x2020;TAlt 0134
double dagger&Dagger;&#x2021;YAlt 0135
lozenge&loz;&#x25CA;V
left ceiling&lceil;&#x2308;
right ceiling&rceil;&#x2309;
left floor&lfloor;&#x230A;
right floor&rfloor;&#x230B;